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Kari Zimmerman
Graduate Dissertation Fellow 2006-07, History

Kari Zimmerman is working on "Women of Independent Means: Property Owners and Entrepreneurs in Rio de Janeiro, 1870-1910". Focusing on female slave holders and small business owners, this project argues that women were found in diverse market activities that substantially influenced the development of Rio de Janeiro's economy at the turn of the twentieth-century. Often overlooked in traditional analyses, women captured a significant portion of the economy in Brazil's former capital. Understanding the circumstances of these female economic agents in light of their social standing, demographic detail and legal status suggest how the role of gender could simultaneously limit and expand opportunities for women in the Brazilian urban market.